Madame X was the name of the work done by the American painter John Singer Sargent (1856–1925).
Virginie Amélie Avegno Gautreau or Madame X, was one of the Parisian high society born in Louisiana and was famous for its sophisticated appearance.
Sargent select to paint and export Virginie’s portrait as a way to promote her work. “He suggested the lady’s bold spirit by painting a sliding shoulder strap.” According to the MET museum. The portrait was exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1884, but received praise, was ridiculed.
As a result, Sargent corrected the position of the handle and preserved the frame.
He lived in Italy, France and England. Sargent never married, so it would be possibly gay. His family destroyed all of his personal documentation shortly before his death. There are those who defend the theory that he had close relations with Prince Edmond de Polignac and Robert de Montesquiou.
Sargent painted and drew numerous nude portraits where men appear in an erotic and provocative way.